Up to Speed ASAP . . .

I was not a total total newbie to the Bible, but not even close to knowing it. My opening of the Bible was pretty much that. I remember opening and reading some of the King James verses and realizing I understood almost nothing, but what I did understand hit me as the truth, and this is when I was in 2nd or 3rd grade.

Went to church a few times with a friend in High School and college. Received a Bible for my 20th birthday from my roommate, but don’t remember reading it much. So, had a familiarity with it, but I knew about it, like most people I believe today, we know about it, but don’t know it.

Regardless, let’s say you want to feel significantly less ignorant than you are now. There are a few ways to get there, and one of them of course is to read the Bible itself. The challenge I had is not in the reading of the Bible, but understanding the context of the characters, the story, and the meaning of them. There is so much more to the Bible than simply the words; how was I going to extract all of that by going to church one or two times a week? Oh, I could listen to sermons 24/7, but that did not seem realistic either, how?

Dummies_Bible

I remembered the books for “Dummies”, how experts in a field were able to take all there knowledge and summarize it into a very easy, understandable read. To my great delight, there were lots of books for the Bible in the “Books for Dummies” collection. They were written by Ph.D. Theologians. They took all the knowledge that was in thousands of sermons and condensed it down into concise stories. It was fun and easy to read, I always was looking forward to what I was going to learn next.

I wanted to know three things about the Bible when I started my drink of knowledge. How it all started, how it was going to end and a testament to faith. I ended up buying four books of the Bible for Dummies collection. One was Bible for Dummies, which summarized the Bible overall. One was for the book of Genesis, One was for book of Revelation and the final one was on the book of JOB.

Dummies_revelation

Why the book of JOB. Well, that is one of the stories of the Bible which brought shock and awe. A man who lived life to the fullest for God was the victim of a test between God and Satan. He had all that he had taken away, but was resilient and faithful to God’s love. To me, he is an example to follow, because in my scenario, I had lost everything and I needed to know what faith was. In comparison, my dilemma was nothing compared to JOB’s.

thelastdays

The books introduced me to many characters in the Bible, there stories, the meaning of the stories and how they can be reflected in my own life. Once I had read most of these, when I read the Bible, I did not feel like I was a foreigner in a strange land. I recognized the people in the Bible and the stories. What was great is if I ran into a story or a character I was not familiar with, I could go to my Bible for Dummies books and look them up.

One of the things that bothered me while in church was knowing: Firstly, where the book of the Bible the pastor was referencing was in the Bible and secondly, knowing it was a book in the Bible. So, I finally achieved my goal and memorized all the books in the Bible. I don’t know why, but I thought that this was a good step in making me even more familiar with the books. I then could reference context, characters and stories within each book. I then realized the Ten Commandments are often referenced, but I had not memorized them, so I did that too. I was surprised, they are a lot more wordy than I thought. They are most often referenced in condensed form, but that is not the way God wrote them. Oh, the first thing I memorized was the Lord’s prayer:

Matthew 6:5–15 (NIV)

Prayer

5 “And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full. 6 But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. 7 And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words. 8 Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
9 “This, then, is how you should pray:
“ ‘Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.’
14 For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 15 But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins.

Bibles, so many people get stuck on Bible versions.

types-of-bible-translations

If you are new to the Bible and want something, like the Dummies books to give you a strong, but not perfect understanding of the Bible, I recommend the paraphrased Bibles. They are much quicker to read, much less interpretation by the reader, but less accurate than a word-for-word. Many folks have at least three versions today. One might be a simple to read version, another might be a thought-for-thought, such as the NIV and then there are word-for-word like the ESV. I often like to put these three right next to each other and read them. The paraphrased often gives me the background information I need, then the next two get more in word order and exact words, it helps me understand the verse, character or story even better.

Once I began to feel strong with regards to my understanding of the Bible, I began to challenge myself. There are website dedicated to trying to degrade the Bible, including a well know Professor at a well know Theology College.

ErhmanQuote

Being able to defend against those things, proclaimed conflicts in the Bible, things that don’t make sense, and anything else is known as Apologetic. I have found that you have to do most of the apologetic learning on your own, you won’t find your pastor having a series on them.

If you have a resource which you have found to be awesome, share it in the comments, we are all looking to be stronger in our knowledge, faith, love and service to our Lord.

God Bless!!

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Should Churches have a different focus?

Let me ask you a question: Who goes to Church? Let me ask you another question: Do you watch thinks you don’t understand?

5ways

If you don’t understand the rules, the game, the process, it’s hard to enjoy it, to learn and get anything out of it. So my questions are to this point. You, me, we go to Church and we for the most part understand what the Pastor is talking about. We have an idea of where in the Bible the story or verse is coming from, there is some sort of reference we can make with what the Pastor is telling us.

So, let’s say you are a newbie, you’ve heard about God, Jesus and being saved and you go to a Church and walk in. You have no idea of what the Pastor is talking about, it is all for insiders. Let me ask you another question. If you were asked to give a fifteen minute speech on how to turn your life over to Christ, how comfortable would you be in doing it. One more question, what if a group of people were chatting, say 4, 6 or 8, they suddenly see you and say hey, this person wants to turn their life over to Christ, but has some questions? Or they say, this person wants to turn their life over to Christ, what does one say? How comfortable are you?

6WaysToFollowUpOnChurchVisitors-1024x683

For me, I would not be comfortable with any of these, although I should be and I believe I have the knowledge to be good in any of them, but I don’t feel comfortable, I don’t feel qualified.

So, this is what I am eluding too. If you are a seasoned church goer, a reader of the Bible, God and Jesus imprinted on your heart, if you are not talking and walking the Gospel, 24/7, like the Disciples of Christ, why are we not?

So, this gets me to a little on the Churches we are going to. Should not these Churches be preparing us to be disciples, to help us gain the confidence, not in our faith, but in telling it to others as Paul, Peter, James, John and the rest did? Should these churches be also for the newbie, the beginner, to be able to understand what is going on in the Church, how to gain as much knowledge as quickly as possible?

Did not Jesus prepare his disciples well?

Christ-Teaching-His-Disciples_web_500

I am guessing of course he did, that’s why we have the Bible today. So, let me ask you this, if your Pastor or church is not doing this, should we not be doing this together, strengthening ourselves, preparing ourselves? Especially as it seems we are moving closer and closer to the end-of-times. As Christians are being and going to be more and more persecuted?

I did not make it . . . did you?

Have you ever looked at something that seemed remarkable, like a house, a car, a piece of art, a computer and P1wonder who made it, how it was made?  Isn’t it remarkable when we find out the answers, it is always someone and somebody who made it?  

Yet, when we get up in the morning and we look into the mirror, I wonder if we wonder who made that, how was it made? The wild part, nobody has the answer, nobody can show you how that face came about. They can tell you it was from the copulation between a man and a woman.  Which of course leads to even more questions.  How did all of this get created, who did it.  I just cannot believe we expect an answer about the art, the computer, but accept the concept that we, nature just was there, it just is. 

 

But we know about the cycle of life, we know the amount of air is limited, the water we drink is limited, we are not masters of the universe, for we cannot even make what already is.   We can make only from what we have been given.  I love this joke between God and Satan.  They are having a contest to create mankind.  God reaches down and scoops up a handful of dirt and bP3reathes life into it.  Satan, unimpressed reaches down and starts to scoop up some dirt, God interrupts him and says: “Get your own dirt”  This is how I feel about us who expect an answer to who made what, but think we cannot accept the fact that actually someone, somebody made us and the earth, the universe

 

P4We look at these creations and don’t wonder how?  Some wonder about a computer but don’t demand an answer to the brain.  Even today, we don’t know all the areas of the brain, we don’t know how it does what it does.  Its see’s, it hears, it remembers, it controls our muscles, it controls everything about us, yet who created it? 

 

 I wonder about how we cannot wonder how we became to be.  I wonder, about how we don’t wonder about how everything seems to circle and be balanced.  So, I wonder how we don’t wonder about ourselves, yet there is still the world around us, like the wonders of the world. 

naturecollage

I don’t believe any of us, who know these things, just by looking at them, know there is a human creator behind each.  Yet, when we look at our world, the incredibly complex, balanced world we live in, we accept that there is no creator.TechCollage

Yet, an answer has been given to us.  We know it both inherently and with His written word in the Bible.  Yet, with this revelation, many people still believe someone created everything but themselves and the world they live in.  I find this illogical.

 

 

Drowning Doesn’t Look Like Drowning

Drowning Doesn't Look Like Drowning Original Article Published:
Drowning Does not Always Look Like Drowning
  Updated on iStock-882433824

One of the first things I ever wrote for publication was a short article about drowning recognition for a Coast Guard magazine. A few years later, I adapted the piece for recreational boaters. I tried my best to get it published, but no one wanted it. Reader’s Digest said it was “too dark,” and everyone else (including Soundings magazine) simply ignored the submission.

Thanks to a friend of mine who had a blog, my piece on drowning was first posted eight years ago to the day in 2010. It went viral and crashed his website. Since then, it’s been translated into 15 languages, was published in the Washington Post, and Reader’s Digest eventually requested to buy the rights. After years of saying yes to requests to republish, repost and translate (there have been hundreds), I released the piece to the public domain. But I never got the article into a major boating magazine as I intended. Well, this is my blog, so I like my chances this time.

Summer is coming, folks, and I think the short article below is the most valuable thing I’ve put together, ever. I wanted to make sure followers of this blog have read it.

The new captain jumped from the deck, fully dressed, and sprinted through the water. A former lifeguard, he kept his eyes on his victim and headed straight for a couple who were swimming between their anchored sportfish and the beach. “I think he thinks you’re drowning,” the husband said to his wife. They had been splashing each other, and she had screamed, but now they were just standing neck-deep on a sandbar. “We’re fine, what is he doing?” she asked, a little annoyed. “We’re fine!” the husband yelled, waving him off, but his captain kept swimming hard toward him. “Move!” he barked as he sprinted between the stunned owners. Directly behind them, not 10 feet away, their nine-year-old daughter was drowning. Safely above the surface in the arms of the captain, she burst into tears and screamed, “Daddy!”

How did this captain know — from 50 feet away — what the father couldn’t recognize from just 10? Drowning is not the violent, splashing call for help that most people expect. The captain was trained to recognize drowning by experts and years of experience. The father, on the other hand, learned what drowning looks like by watching television.

If you spend time on or near the water (hint: that’s all of us), then you should make sure that you and your crew know what to look for when people enter the water. Until she cried a tearful, “Daddy,” the owner’s daughter hadn’t made a sound. As a former Coast Guard rescue swimmer, I wasn’t surprised at all by this story. Drowning is almost always a deceptively quiet event. The waving, splashing and yelling that dramatic conditioning (television) prepares us to look for is rarely seen in real life.

drowning2

Mario Vittone

The Instinctive Drowning Response, so named by Francesco A. Pia, Ph.D., is what people do to avoid actual or perceived suffocation in the water. And it does not look like most people expect it to. When someone is drowning there is very little splashing, and no waving or yelling or calling for help of any kind. To get an idea of just how quiet and undramatic drowning can be, consider this: It is the number two cause of accidental death in children age 15 and under (just behind vehicle accidents). Of the approximately 750 children who will drown next year, about 375 of them will do so within 25 yards of a parent or other adult. In 10 percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch them do it, having no idea it is happening.

Drowning does not look like drowning. Dr. Pia, in an article he wrote for the Coast Guard’s On Scene magazine, described the instinctive drowning response like this:

  • Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. The respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is a secondary or overlaid function. Breathing must be fulfilled before speech occurs.
  • Drowning people’s mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. The mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale and call out for help. When the drowning people’s mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water.
  • Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water’s surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can lift their mouths out of the water to breathe.
  • Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment.
  • From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response, people’s bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs. (Source: On Scene magazine: Fall 2006 page 14)

This doesn’t mean that a person who is yelling for help and thrashing isn’t in real trouble — they are experiencing aquatic distress. Not always present before the instinctive drowning response, aquatic distress doesn’t last long, but unlike true drowning, these victims can still assist in their own rescue. They can grab lifelines, reach for throw rings, etc.

Look for these other signs of drowning when persons are in the water:

  • Head low in the water, mouth at water level
  • Head tilted back with mouth open
  • Eyes glassy and empty, unable to focus
  • Eyes closed
  • Hair over forehead or eyes
  • Not using legs
  • Hyperventilating or gasping
  • Trying to swim in a particular direction but not making headway
  • Trying to roll over onto the back
  • Appears to be climbing an invisible ladder

So, if a crewmember falls overboard and everything looks okay, don’t be too sure. Sometimes the most common indication that someone is drowning is that they don’t look as if they’re drowning. They may just look as if they are treading water and looking up at the deck. One way to be sure? Ask them, “Are you alright?” If they can answer at all, they probably are. If they return a blank stare, you may have less than 30 seconds to get to them. And parents — children playing in the water make noise. When they get quiet, you need to get to them and find out why.

Learn More Myths About Drowning.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Solving Non-Right Triangles

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Solving Non-Right Triangles
A non-right, or oblique, triangle has no right angles.
Yet trigonometry—a subject whose rules are generally based on right
triangles—can still be used to solve a non-right triangle. You need
different tools, though. Enter the laws of sines and cosines.
In an oblique triangle, there are six unknowns: the three
angle measures and the three side lengths. To solve an oblique triangle
you need one of the following sets of information:
  1. Two sides and an angle opposite one of the known sides
  2. Two
    angles and any side
  3. Two
    sides and their included angle
  4. All
    three sides
If you know either (1) or (2), you can use the law of
sines to solve the triangle. If you know (3) or (4), you must tag-team
with the law of cosines and then the law of sines to find the solution.
The Law of Sines
The law of sines is based on the proportionality of sides
and angles in triangles. The law states that for the angles of a
non-right triangle, each angle of the triangle has the same ratio of
angle measure to sine value.
If you are given the lengths of two sides and the measure
of an angle opposite one of those sides, you can use the law of
sines to find the other opposite angle. The measure of the third angle
can be easily found using the fact that the sum of the angles of
a triangle is 180º. Finally, you can use the law of sines again
to find the length of the unknown side. Here’s an example:
In
triangle ABC, a = 5, b =
6, and = 65º. Solve the triangle.
First, find by plugging the
values of a, b, and into the law of sines:
Next, find . You can do this
by using the rule that all interior angles of a triangle add up to
180º:
Last, find c by plugging in a, b,
and into the law of sines:
The triangle is solved.
The Law of Cosines
The law of cosines offers a different way of solving non-right
triangles and can be used when you don’t have the information necessary
to use the law of sines. This is the law of cosines:
If you look carefully at the law of cosines, you should
see a resemblance to the Pythagorean theorem. In fact, for right
triangles, the law of cosines simplifies to the Pythagorean theorem.
Try it yourself. The last term drops out (since cos 90 = 0) and
you’re left with the familiar formula of c2 = a2 + b2.
If you’re curious, the 2ab cos(C)
term compensates for the lack of a right angle.
The law of cosines allows you to solve any triangle for
which you know any three of the four unknowns in the formula. There
are two ways you might know three of the four unknowns:
  1. If you know two sides and their included angle, use
    the law of cosines to find the length of the third side. Then use
    the law of sines to complete the triangle.
  2. If
    you know the lengths of all three sides, use the law of cosines
    to find the measure of one angle. Then use the law of sines to complete
    the triangle.
We’ll just show one example problem, because using the
law of cosines is basically just plugging values into the formula
and solving it.
Solve
triangle ABC if a = 4, b =
7, and c = 10.
First, find .
At this point, you can use the law of sines to find that A
18.20º and B ≈ 33.12º.

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Jump to a New Chapter
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Ends . . . – . . . Beginnings

I feel at night, when I look at the stars, if I could only stand higher, I could reach out and grab a star.  I sometimes feel betrayed, I remember the news, the stars are so far away, I could not even reach them at the speed of light.  I also feel betrayed because I remember then, these are only the visible stars, they span out forever, way beyond what we can see. Evolution_by_alyn2

It makes me wonder what is out there and then I recall, the is a forever.  It boggles my mind, we cannot see the end and even if we do, we’ll wonder what is on the other side.  Not having an end is against what I know, because all I know is destined to end.TheEndWorld

I first remember the day ended, the night began, there were meal times, bed times, sleep times, school years, races,  pain ends, pleasure ends, and most dramatically, life ends.  It seems as though we are enthralled with things that end.  There seems to be 100’s of movies predicting the end of earth, the restart of the human race, the destruction of the world.  We are so enthralled with it, we have the ration of the diameter of a circle to how many times it goes around the circumference approximately  3.14 times but we have divided it out to over a trillion times to try and find the end.  piposter

What’s wild is we are so fascinated with ends, yet this has two sides.  It is hard to imagine something with no end,  yet we’ve been given hints of the end yet do not seem to be able to recognize them.

The Demand for a Sign

Matthew 16:1–4 (NIV)   16:1–12pp—Mk 8:11–21

16 The Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven.

He replied, “When evening comes, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red,’ and in the morning, ‘Today it will be stormy, for the sky is red and overcast.’ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times.  A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah.” Jesus then left them and went away.

I wonder how many people look at the complexity of a personal computer, smartphone, automobile, and believe it created itself out of randomness?  imacpartsI wonder if people look at the cycle of life as something that just happened, got lucky and stuck. cycleoflife Like a rough rock, a piece of granite, turning into a wheel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I believe if you believe this world, this universe just happened by chance, then you can also believe it was created by a creator, I know as God.maxresdefault

Miracles . . .

 

 

Michael Phelps:

Mark Spitz:

 

Picture

Picture

** I copied the table into another application which had images, the images did not copy over, so it inserted the alt-text.

Michael Phelps, without a doubt is an amazing swimmer.  Not only did he equal Mark Spitz record of 7 Gold and 7 World records, he went one more and won 8 Gold Medals in one Olympics.  In most comparisons of Mark Spitz and Phelps, they list his achievement as greater than Mark Spitz, and it is overall except for one critical difference.  Mark Spitz is the only one to win all the events he entered into, all in Gold and all in World Records. Michael Phelps fell short achieving world records for all his events.  I think this is critical, to be a 100% of success is slightly different than not.  This does not take away of his incredible achievement, but I think Mark Spitz still deserves the recognition for having Won Gold and world records for all the events he entered.

 

Another comparison:  Michael Phelps has held more world records, 37 to 33, however, his swimming career was over 5 Olympics and 16 years. Where Mark Spitz was over 2 Olympics and only 8 years. 

Again, I am not diminishing Phelps achievements; however, I do feel that his achievements don’t completely erase the achievements of Mark Spitz.  When one really looks at the achievements of both, incredible, in-human almost, but even though Spitz record of 7 Gold was beaten, that is the only record that was beaten, he sill holds the records for greatest achievement within the short span of his career compared to others.

 

God Bless these talented folks, I hope you enjoyed this trivia.

In a single Olympic

         participated in 8 Events

won 8 Gold

        7 World Records

Participated in 5 Olympics spanning 16 years From age 15 – 31

– won 8 gold medals in a single Olympics game

– has won a total of 14 Olympic gold medals

– as of 2009 he has beaten 37 world records

 Olympics Participated

 

2000 Sydney Olympics

Phelps’ rapid improvement culminated when he qualified for the 2000 Summer Olympics at the age of 15, as became the youngest male (since Ralph Flanagan in 1932) to make a U.S. Olympic swim team in 68 years.[29]While he did not win a medal, he did make the finals and finished fifth in the 200-meter butterfly.[30]

 

 

2004 Summer Olympics

Events: 8

WR: 1

Gold: 6

2004 Summer Olympics

Gold medal – first place

100 m butterfly

51.25 (OR)

Gold medal – first place

200 m butterfly

1:54.04 (OR)

Gold medal – first place

200 m medley

1:57.14 (OR)

Gold medal – first place

400 m medley

4:08.26 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×200 m freestyle

7:07.33 (NR)

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m medley

3:30.68 (WR) (Phelps swam in heats only)

Bronze medal – third place

200 m freestyle

1:45.32 (NR)

Bronze medal – third place

4×100 m freestyle

3:14.62

 

2008 Summer Olympics

Events: 8

WR: 7

Gold 8

2008 Summer Olympics

Gold medal – first place

200 m freestyle

1:42.96 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

100 m butterfly

50.58 (OR)

Gold medal – first place

200 m butterfly

1:52.03 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

200 m medley

1:54.23 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

400 m medley

4:03.84 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m freestyle

3:08.24 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×200 m freestyle

6:58.56 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m medley

3:29.34 (WR)

 

2012 Summer Olympics

2012 Summer Olympics

Gold medal – first place

100 m butterfly

51.21

Gold medal – first place

200 m medley

1:54.27

Gold medal – first place

4×200 m freestyle

6:59.70

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m medley

3:29.35

Silver medal – second place

200 m butterfly

1:53.01

Silver medal – second place

4×100 m freestyle

3:10.38

 

2016 Summer Olympics

2016 Summer Olympics

Gold medal – first place

200 m butterfly

1:53.36

Gold medal – first place

200 m medley

1:54.66

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m freestyle

3:09.92

Gold medal – first place

4×200 m freestyle

7:00.66

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m medley

3:27.95 (OR)

Silver medal – second place

100 m butterfly

51.14

TIMES:

(only the events they had in common)

– 100m butterfly ~ 50.58, OR (Olympic Record)

– 200m butterfly ~ 1:52.03, WR (World Record)

– 200m Freestyle ~ 1:42.96, WR

– 4x100m Freestyle relay ~ 3:08.24, WR

– 4x200m Freestyle relay ~ 6:58.56, WR

– 4x100m Medley relay ~ 3:29.34, WR

In a single Olympics

      participated in 7 events,

      won 7 Gold

      set 7 World Records

Participated in 2 Olympics’

spanning 8 years from age 18 – 22

– has won a total of 9 Olympic gold medals

– as of 1972 he beat 33 world records

 

 

 Olympics Participated

1968 Olympics

Events: 4

WR: 0

Gold: 2

Medal record

1968 Mexico City

Representing the USA

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m medley relay

3:31.7

Gold medal – first place

4×200 m freestyle relay

7:52.3

Silver medal – second place

100 m butterfly

56.40

Bronze medal – third place

100 m freestyle

53.00

 

1972 Olympics

Events: 7

WR: 7

Gold 7

 

Medal record

1972 Munich

Representing the USA

Gold medal – first place

200 m butterfly

2:00.70 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m freestyle relay

3:26.42 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

200 m freestyle

1:52.78 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

100 m butterfly

54.27 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×200 m freestyle relay

7:35.78 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

100 m freestyle

51.22 (WR)

Gold medal – first place

4×100 m medley relay

3:48.16 (WR)

TIMES:

(only the events they had in common)

– 100m Butterfly ~ 54.27, WR (World Record)

– 200m Butterfly ~ 2:00.70, WR

– 200m Freestyle ~ 1:52.78, WR

– 4x100m Freestyle relay ~ 3:26.42, WR

– 4x200m Freestyle relay ~ 7:35.78, WR

– 4x100m Medley relay ~ 3:48.16, WR

 

 

 

 

 

10 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE 95 THESES OF MARTIN LUTHER

10 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE 95 THESES OF MARTIN LUTHER

The complete 95 Theses can be found: Martin Luther: Great Translators of the Bible

APRIL 7, 2017 SAM

Marin Luther is known today as one of the icons of Reformation. This clergyman and avid theologist, born in 1483 in Germany, was among the first few ones to see the deception of the practices held by the Catholic church and spoke against it. The matter in question was the sale of „indulgences”, certificates which were said to have the power of absolution of sins for both the living sinners and their loved ones whose souls were in purgatory. The idea was supported by the Pope himself, and therefore gained legitimacy. Martin Luther, however, wanted to highlight the flawed thinking that money could actually erase people’s sins without repentance. This is why he went on to present his 95 Theses, which eventually led to Reformation of the Catholic Church. Here are some facts about this particular event.

  1. The Theses were originally meant to be a spark for academic debate.

Apparently, contrary to what one might think of it, hammering documents to doors of public buildings was quite an ordinary practice in the times of Martin Luther. Such events were usually staged to commence an academic debate on a given subject. As a scholar, Martin Luther felt free to express his opinion on the matters of the conduct of the Church and wanted to encourage his fellow clergymen to look into the issue. The first few lines of the original document, nailed to the door of the Church of All Saints in Wittenberg, most probably around October 1517, even mentioned the doctors and scholars to whom the Theses were addressed.

  1. Martin Luther entered into the clergy at a very young age.

His parents, Hans and Margaretta had big plans for Martin since the day he was born. At the age of 5, he already was taking lessons in reading, writing and Latin at a local school and then at 13 he was sent to a school owned by the Brethren of the Common Life in Magdeburg. The school’s curriculum combined academic teachings with an introduction into monastery and from then on Luther became interested in joining the Church. But his parents saw him rather becoming a lawyer instead. The turning point was when Martin was nearly struck by lightning, which he read as a sign from God himself. From then on, he convinced his parents of his true calling.

  1. The Theses were ordered according to the subject they mentioned.

The Theses’ order was far from random. They were put together in sections. For example, the first five opening theses discuss the nature of repentance, which according to Luther is more a spiritual resolution than an external system of confession. The next theses, from 5 to 7 talk about the limited jurisdiction of the Pope over releasing people from sin or guilt. Further on, in the theses 14-24, Luther talks about the nature and function of the purgatory as stated in the Bible, and he finishes his treaty with the theses encouraging Christians to imitate Christ, i.e. not fleeing from suffering, if it’s the way for their salvation.

  1. Martin Luther was not the first one to criticize the Church for „indulgences”.

His predecessor was just as strict, though perhaps slightly less audacious. And he went by the name John Wycliffe. John was an English intellectual, who just like Luther participated both in the clerical and academic life. He was a scholastic philosopher and theologian, in addition to being a successful Biblical translator and seminary professor at Oxford University. He took a stand against the Church’s trespassings in the 14th century. Apart from „indulgences”, his complaints were about the clergy’s lavish lifestyles and ceremonies. He also spoke against Papacy.

  1. Another of his predecessors was Jan Hus.

Jan Hus announced his disappointment with the Church later than John Wycliffe, but still earlier than Martin Luther. He was a Czech priest, born in 1372 in Husinec, a small town in the Bohemia – an Imperial State in the Holy Roman Empire. Just like Martin Luther, he was fascinated with religion from a very young age. As a child he sang and served in churches in Prague. He attacked the Church teachings on On 24 June 1405 from the comfort of his own pulpit during sermon. However, news spread quickly and Jan Hus was executed in 1415. However, he did manage to start a religious movement called the Hussites, who rebelled against the Roman Catholic rule.

  1. The 95 Theses were also distributed as a paper afterwards.

On 31 October 1517, Luther sent a letter to Archbishop of Mainz, Albert of Brandenburg, the person in charge of the distribution of „indulgences”. He then placed the Theses on the door of the aforementioned Church. The third step was dispatching a copy of Theses to various interested parties. The text of the Thesis, printed in Latin, covered an area of a four-page pamphlet. These were distributed all throughout Basel, and in Leipzig and Nuremberg, placards were published instead. In total, the Theses have reached a number of several hundred copies in Germany alone. Soon they were also available in translation and sent on request.

  1. Martin Luther was subsequently called a heretic.

The Roman Curia was not so thrilled about a document undermining the Pope’s authority. The recipient of the 95 Theses, Albert of Brandenburg, soon discussed the controversial matter with experts on theology at the University of Mainz and they soon reached the conclusion, that Luther should be banned from preaching against the „indulgences”. Johann Tetzel, a fellow clergyman, wanted Luther burnt at the stake, and had a man called Konrad Wimpina publish 106 theses contradicting Luther’s work. On 15 June 1520, Pope Leo X issued a papal bull, Exsurge Domine (“Arise, O Lord”). The document basically stated that Luther was wrong and that „indulgences” were fairly legit in the light of the Bible and teachings of the Church.

  1. The Wittenberg Theses started the Reformation movement.

October 1521 saw the chapel at Wittenberg resigning from private Masses. The whole city of Wittenberg was now more inclined towards conducting Lutheran services instead of Masses. Even with the threats of excommunication by the Church, Martin Luther was still very popular with the German people, who believed his Theses to be true. His followers set foundation for a new religious movement, called Lutheranism. The Lutherans placed much weight on reading into ancient Hebrew and Christian Scriptures and declined the well-established Roman Catholic doctrines. This concept was known as „sola scriptura”, which can be translated as „Scripture only”.

  1. Martin Luther was given 60 days to repent.

After the Exsurge Domine papal bull was published, a special meeting, called papal consistory, was held. The aim of the meeting was to establish whether Luther’s teachings were true or false. Surprisingly enough, a few of the teachings were found to be true, but the vast majority was deemed false. Therefore, on behalf of the Papal authority, Luther was given 60 days to admit to the error of his ways. Luther’s response was straightforward and very unpredictable. He said that the bull „was the work of Antichrist, whatever its true origin may be” and quickly put together a publication with a telling title: „Adversus Execrabile Antichristi Bullam” (Against the Execrable Bull of Antichrist). And the feud went on.

  1. Martin Luther did not stop with one response to the Papal bull.

In November 1520, Martin Luther issued „Assertion of All the Articles Wrongly Condemned in the Roman Bull”, a work which was an emphasis on his Theses, strengthening the former arguments to new heights. To give you the general idea, phrases like: ‘the pious defrauding of the faithful.’ were substituted with shrewd ‘Indulgences are the most pious frauds and imposters of the most rascally pontiffs, by which they deceive the souls and destroy the goods of the faithful.’ And to further annoy the Church and condemn its doings, Luther published „On the Freedom of a Christian” the same month. It earned him just as many foes as friends, asserting his position as the leader of the Reformation movement.

Original story found at: http://history-lists.com/10-interesting-facts-about-the-95-theses-of-martin-luther/